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Dialogue 1-2: Informal Greetings and Farewells

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Informal Greetings and Farewells:

JANE: Hi, Helen! How’s it going?

HELEN: Fine, thanks — and you?

JANE: Just fine. Where are you off to?

HELEN: To the library. I’ve got a history exam next week and need to start studying. Ugh.

JANE: Oh, no. Well, I’ll see you later then. Good luck! 

HELEN: Thanks. See you later.

LANGUAGE NOTES
• “Hi” is an informal way of saying “hello.” Notice that the “i” sound in “hi” is extended, to show that Jane is very pleased to see Helen.
• “How’s it going?” is an informal way of saying “How are you?”
• “Fine, thanks—and you?” Notice the rising intonation on “and you?” This shows that
Helen is interested in what Jane has to say.
• “Where are you off to?” is an informal way of saying “Where are you going?” Notice the falling intonation since this is an information question, not a “yes/no” question.
• “To the library.” Notice that Helen does not say “I’m going” here because that information was already established in the question “Where are you off to?”
• “Oh, no” is a way of saying “I sympathize with you” or “I understand you are not happy.” • “See you later” is an informal way of saying “goodbye.”